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Safeguarding Practice Reviews

The Children and Social Work Act 2017 also places a duty on local Safeguarding Partners to undertake reviews of ‘serious child safeguarding cases’, which are those where a child dies or is seriously injured and abuse or neglect is known or suspected. 

As explained in the statutory guidance, the purpose of reviews of serious safeguarding cases is to learn from what has happened and use this to identify improvements to the local multi-agency system that safeguards and promotes the welfare of children. Reviews should seek to prevent or reduce the risk of recurrence of similar incidents.  

There is also a National Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel, often referred to as simply the National Panel, which has responsibility for ensuring that learning from local serious safeguarding cases benefits practitioners working with children and families throughout the country and, when there are wider systemic issues, is able to reach the government and policy makers. 

Anyone in Havering who is aware of an incident that may meet the criteria for a serious child case – that is, where a child dies or is seriously injured and abuse or neglect is known or suspected – should report it to the Havering Safeguarding Children Partnership (SCP) and can do so using the notification form. 

Once the Havering SCP receives notification of a serious safeguarding incident, it is required in turn to notify the National Panel within 5 working days, and to complete a Rapid Review of the case within 15 working days. The Rapid Review is the first stage of the multi-agency case review process and its purpose is to: 

  • gather the facts about the case, as far as they can be readily established at the time;
  • discuss whether there is any immediate action needed to ensure children’s safety and share any learning appropriately;
  • consider the potential for identifying improvements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children;
  • decide what steps they should take next, including whether or not to undertake a child safeguarding practice review.  

 Once it completes a Rapid Review, the Havering SCP sends a copy to the National Panel and confirms the decision reached locally about whether to progress to the second stage of the multi-agency case review process, which is a formal Local Child Safeguarding Practice Review.  

Please find the Terms of Reference for our joint Adult and Children Case Review Working Group (CRWG) which oversees local serious incidents involving children and adults . This group reports to our HSCP Executive.

HSCP HSAB Case Review WG ToR V4 Final

Serious Incident Process

The National Panel then responds either approving or challenging the local decision, and confirming whether or not they consider the case requires a National Child Safeguarding Practice Review. 


For more information please click here.

To date, Havering has not undertaken any Local Child Safeguarding Practice Reviews. However, information on local Rapid Reviews and Serious Case Reviews (the format used for multi-agency reviews of serious child safeguarding cases prior to 2017) can be found below.

National Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel

The National Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel is informed of safeguarding incidents involving children, and produces reports into themes and key learning. Find out more about the independent panel here.

In 2021, the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel published a report into Non Accidental Injury (NAI)  of  babies called the Myth of Invisible Men. To read please click here.

Sutton LSCP

Sutton LSCP has provided a free toolkit of elearning from national and local case reviews.

To access please click here.

Kingston and Richmond LSCP

Kingston and Richmond LSCP published a serious case review about events in a London independent school.

Please click the following for more information:

Full Report

7 Minute Briefing

Brighton LSCB

Brighton LSCB published a Serious Case Review in July 2017 regarding the tragic death of two brothers in Syria in 2014. There is learning about radicalisation and the vulnerability of young people to grooming for extremism.  The review is here.

IICSA (Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse) 

More than 4,000 victims and survivors of child sexual abuse in England and Wales have shared their experiences with the Truth Project, part of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse. (CSA). Several reports have been produced looking at CSA in settings as diverse as sports, residential schools, organised networks, religious organisations and schools. Find out more here.